The robots in the Humanoid League have a human-like body plan and human-like sensors. Each soccer team has four players of size up to 90 cm. The field has a size of 9 x 6 m.
The bipedal soccer soccer robots are fully autonomous, but are allowed to communicate over Wi-Fi. Among the key challenges for the humanoid robots are the generation of complex full-body movements and the maintenance of balance while walking on two legs and during kicks. When a robot falls, it must get up by itself to continue play.
In addition to the soccer tournament, the robots demonstrate in technical challenges advanced skills that are important for future soccer games: double passing, dribbling the ball around obstacles, high kicks, and throwing in the ball.
In contrast to the Standard Platform League, the Humanoid League robots are constructed by the teams on their own. Most humanoid robots are based on intelligent actuators. Microcontrollers interface up to two dozen of these motors and sensors like accelerometers, gyrometers, force sensors, and temperature sensors. Active sensors are not allowed. Up to two cameras are connected to a high-performance onboard computer, which analyzes the images to perceive the game situation in real time.
Prof. Dr. Reinhard Gerndt (Ostfalia University of Applied Sciences)