RoboCup is an international scientific initiative with the goal to advance the state of the art of intelligent robots. When established in 1997, the original mission was to field a team of robots capable of winning against the human soccer World Cup champions by 2050. While that mission remains, RoboCup has since expanded into other relevant application domains based on the needs of modern society. Today, RoboCup covers the following themes:
RoboCupSoccer: creating teams of fully autonomous, cooperative robots that exhibit advanced competitive behaviors and strategies;
RoboCupRescue: assisting emergency responders to save people and perform hazardous tasks with highly mobile, dexterous and semi-autonomous robots capable of mapping and negotiating complex environments;
RoboCup @ Home: helping people in their daily lives at home and in public with autonomous and naturally interactive assistant robots;
RoboCupJunior: motivating young people to learn skills and knowledge necessary in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics as well as to foster their soft skills through participating in the creative process of building and programming autonomous robots.
(cited from http://www.robocup.org)